One idea that I run across especially concerning Catholicism, is that just because the doctrine is authoritarian doesn't mean that the average Catholic American believes in such authoritarianism, since of course he doesn't take those ideas literally. This usually implies that the Catholic Church doesn't get the sort of loyalty that you might think they'd get if he took Catholic doctrine literally. In the case of the hierarchy enabling pedo-priests, though, this not taking the doctrine literally would mean that the Catholic Church gets more loyalty than it otherwise would have! Sure, different members of the Catholic hierarchy are supposed to have more divine guidance than most people have, and their enabling pedo-priests and then saying, "But in that era people didn't realize the dangers of pedophilia!", certainly doesn't indicate divine guidance. Yet all that one has to do is not take such teachings literally, and he'd figure that the Catholic Church is just a very effective place to do charitable works, etc. Even though the enabling of the pedo-priests was extraordinarily wrong, it could still be possible to rationalize this away as imperfection that didn't have a malicious intent. Seeing what's wrong with the hierarchy doesn't serve the purposes of "cafeteria Catholics."